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2020年10月自考英语二历年真题

发布时间:2021-05-06
来源:广东自考网
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  2020年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

  英语( 二 ) 试卷

  (课程代码00015)

  本试卷共 8页。满分l00分,考试时间l50分钟。

  考生答题注意事项:

  1.本卷所有试题必须在答题卡上作答。答在试卷上无效,试卷空白处和背面均可作草稿纸。

  2.第一、二部分在“选择题答题区”作答。必须对应试卷上的题号使用2B铅笔将“答题卡的相应代码涂黑。

  3.第三、七部分在“非选择题答题区”作答。必须注明大、小题号,使用0.5毫米黑色字迹签字笔作答。

  4.合理安排答题空间,超出答题区域无效。

  选择题区

  第一部分:阅读判断(第l~l0题,每题 l分,共10分)

  下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  BookingOnline and Saving the Environment

  When you are looking to book a holiday, it is unlikely that youwill think about how green your booking decision is, but it is something thatyou should think about. By“green”we mean the pact on the environment.

  When looking to book a holiday, you will probably find that youare faced with two main decisions. The first is to go into a travel agency,pick up brochures(宣传册)read through them and go back with justone and book with the travel agents directly or over the phone. The second isto go onto the Internet

  The Internet holds many advantages over the travel agencies.The main one is convenience. You can go online to look at holidays at any timeof the day. The travel agents, however, are usually very busy at times whenpeople can actually go, i.e. lunch hours or at the weekend. You could use thetelephone, but you wouldn’t be able to see thepictures or the details of the holidays, so you would probably be sent abrochure anyway.

  There are websites on the Internet that make shopping forholiday deals much easier. These websites are known as price comparisonwebsites. They search through lots of different tour operators, and the resultsare displayed on one page, from which you can choose.

  Compared with the travel agencies, booking online is greener.The piles of brochures are definitely not green, and the amount of unnecessarypaper used can’t be good for the environment. In the days of the Internet,there is really no need for such a large amount of paper to be wasted. Sobooking online will not only save you time and effort, it will do a little bittowards saving the environment, too!

  1. When planning holidays, few peoplewill think about being green.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  2. There are two main choices when peoplelook to book their holidays.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  3. People go to travel agencies and maketheir decisions directly.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  4. The main advantage of booking online issaving money.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  5. Many people go to travel agencies atlunchtime.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  6. Booking holidays by telephone requires less communicative skills.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  7. There are limited choices at price comparison websites.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  8.Travel agencies make the best use ofprice comparison websites.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  9. Travelers collect brochures as ahobby.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  10.Bookingonline is a way to save the environment.

  A. True B. False C. Not Given

  第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共l0分)

  阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

  UrbanGardening

  Urban gardening refers to the practice of planting a garden cthe city. Apartments, town homes, and other areas with little or no land arebeing used for gardening. This method of gardening is becoming more common asthe amouns of land for gardening in cities is becoming smaller and smaller.

  Containers, hanging baskets and raised beds are examples ofitems people use to create a garden in a confined space. Some cities also offera shared community garden for people who have no room to grow plants at home.

  Many types of plants can be g ow in containers and baskets. Tomatoesand peppers, for instance, can grow in containers on windowsills(窗台)Plantsgrown on a windowsill should usually receive at least six to eight hours ofsunlight daily. Herbs are often grown in containers or baskets in the kitchen.They do not require much space and can be handy f cooking.

  People who want to grow more plants may use raised beds whichare usually made of wood pieces and filled with a mixture of soil andfertilizers. They can be built on top of any hard surface , including rooftops. People like them because the beds often cost much less than most othermethods of gardening.

  Community gardening could be an option for anyone who does nothave space for a garden at home. Most cities that offer this will rent a smallplot and to someone for a fee, or allow them to use it free of charge. Insteadof dividing the and into separate plots, some cities allow everyone in theneighborhood to share and work on the same land. This method could bebeneficial for people in the neighborhood who share the passion for growingthings.

  11. Urban gardening came into being asa result of .

  A. the lack of land for gardening B. new technology

  C. government encouragement D. the increasing population

  12. The word“confined” (Para. 2) means .

  A. open B. empty C. limited D. occupied

  13. Plants grown on windowsills requirea lot of .

  A. water B. space C. soil D. sunlight

  14. Raised beds are popular becausethey .

  A. are efficient B. are cheap C.last long D. contain fertilizers

  15. Community gardening is beneficialbecause it

  A. saves more land B. requires less work

  C. increases output D. connects people

  非选择题区

  第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题l分,共10分)

  阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第l6~20题后所给的6个选项中为第1~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

  My ScienceTeacher

  ①Usually when peopledecide to be teachers, they go to college, get a degree, and find a job at a school They prepare lesson plans, give out homework,and make up tests. To them, it is just ajob, a way to make a living. But for my science teacher, Mrs. Cook teaching isnot just her job; it's who she is. She teaches through her heart.

  ②She has so muchenthusiasm in her lessons. She is the one who goes out late at night to buy 10pounds of sugar for our experiments. She brings in water, from the nearby canalto make her point, and to make us remember the lesson. She makes us think thateach new fact could change our lives.

  ③Mrs. Cook wants all ofus to do well in school. She tries to reach each student. She neither ignoresthe sleeping kid in the back, nor lets the problem students alone. She showsspecial concern to slow students, and often helps them after school. None of uscan slip away from her attention.

  ④Middle school isprobably one of the hardest times of our lives. We change friends so often, and fight with our parents constantly.But Mrs. Cook has made this year so much better for us than it could have been.we know that if we had to turn to anybody, it would be her. And I'm not alonein feeling this way; she is a role model for our whole class.

  ⑤Science had never beenmy favorite subject . I had never borrowed science books. I had never performedexperiments in my home. But this year, it's the science class that I don't mindwaking up for, the test I don't mind taking. I have Mrs.Cook to thank for that.She has taught us so much more than just a single subject.

  Task 1

  16.Paragraph ①:_____

  17.Paragraph ②:_____

  18.Paragraph ③:_____

  19.Paragraph ④:_____

  20.Paragraph ⑤:_____

  A. Mrs. Cook makes our school lifeeasier.

  B. I enjoy science class now.

  C. Mrs. Cook cares about each student.

  D. Mrs. Cook is strict with herstudents.

  E. Mrs. Cook's lessons arewell-prepared.

  F. Teaching is more than a job for Mrs.Cook.

  Task 2

  2l. To become a school teacher, oneneeds

  22. Mrs. Cook often goes out to collect

  23. Mrs.Cook offers slow students extrahelp

  24. Our whole class take Mrs. Cook as

  25,I am lucky to have Mrs. Cookas

  A. in class

  B. my teacher

  C. after school

  D. a role model

  E. a college degree

  F. teaching materials

  第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空自,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

  Lack ofSleep Is Dangerous

  Do you know that if you miss out too much sleep you will die?It's true! If you stay awake for a long, long time, your brain and body will breakdown.

  The unofficial world record for staying awake is 11 days, andit's held by Randy Gardner. 26 He also had help from TV and radio reporters,a sleep researcher and a doctor.

  What happened ? 27 Then his brain started to lose sense. Onday 4, he thought a street sign was really a person. On day 6, he began tospeak very slowly. On day 9, he couldn’t finish sentences. On ty 10, Randythought he saw a forest in the next room. 28 Eventually,after he'd broken the world record,Randy was told to go to sleep.Experiments that keep people awake fordangerously long periods are always stopped before the patients break down .

  Rats, however . aren’t so well cared for. 29 That's sooner than if they'd beenallowed to sleep but were given no food. They get really thin. But that’s notbecause se they stop eating—quite the opposite. Even though these rats areeating food, their bodies can't process it in the normal way. On top of that,their little bodies lose more heat than normal, which makes them weak. Thismeans that they need more food to stay at a healthy temperature. 30

  And that's what lack of sleep does for you.

  A. In fact, he went a bit crazy.

  B. Normally rats wouldn't catch a cold.

  C. Towards the end, the health of theserats is failing.

  D. When kept from sleeping, they die withinthree weeks.

  E. Randy asked two of his friends to stophim falling asleep.

  F. First of all staying awake long madeRandy bad-tempered.

  第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题l.5分,共I5分)

  下面的短文有l0处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

  TalkingCounts!

  Most words in a child's vocabulary come from everydayencounters with language.

  Children 31 up language from books, media, andconversations.

  You can increase your child's vocabulary and 32 knowledge by having conversations with them.With babies, you can talk to them about what you're doing so they can begin to 33 wordswith concepts. As your baby begins to speak, start asking, “What's that?” when 34 toobjects or pictures. Elaborate on their 35 answersas a way to have them listening to more words. “Yes, that is a banana! It's 36 and smooth.”

  With young children, you can talk about the things you see inyour 37 . on trips around town, or on television. Theseconversations help build a child's 38 of his world When reading, pause to askquestions on the story. Ask,“Why do you think he did that? or “What do youthink going to happen 39 ?Tell your children stories from your own life, or about the day they were 40 .This helps develop their personal and cultural identity.

  A. link B.simple C.secondly D. neighborhood

  E. yellow F. build G. understanding H. pointing

  I. pick J. born K. background L. next

  第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题l.5分,共l5分)

  下面的短文有l0处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Water Shortage Getting water seems(seem) so easy for many people. You will be 41 (mistake) if you thinkthere is an 42 (end) supply of water. In fact, the worldhas a water shortage. Seventy percent of the world is 43 (cover) in water. But most of it is salt water.Only a small 44 (percent) is fresh drinking water .Countries 45 (include)Spain, Italy and South Africa actually import water from countries such as theUnited States and Australia. 46 (surprising),1.1 billion people on earth have difficulty 47 (get)clean drinking water. This global problem is predicted to get 48 (bad)as the atmosphere becomes warmer.

  Every person in Britain 49 (use) about 150 litres of water a day. Insome countries people only have 5 to 10 litres a day! They would be 50 (shock)tolearn how we waste drinking water.

  第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)

  请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。

  51.某英文报社正在举办题为“An UnforgettableHoliday” 的征文活动。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:

  1.哪一个假期令你难忘

  2.为什么令你难忘

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